Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science ISSN: 2435-8495
三田図書館・情報学会 Mita Society for Library and Information Science
〒108‒8345 東京都港区三田2‒15‒45 慶應義塾大学文学部図書館・情報学専攻内 c/o Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Library and Information Science 49: 1-32 (2003)

原著論文Original Article

情報探索におけるブラウジング行動図書館と書店における行動観察を基にしてBrowsing behavior in information seeking process: On the basis of observation of information-seeking behavior in libraries and bookstores

慶鷹義塾大学文学部図書館・情報学科School of Library and Information Science, Keio University ◇ 〒108-8345 東京都港区三田二丁目15番45号 ◇ Mita 2-15-45, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan

受付日:2003年4月11日Received: April 11, 2003
受理日:2004年2月14日Accepted: February 14, 2004
発行日:2004年11月15日Published: November 15, 2004

Although researchers have discussed several aspects of so called browsing, such discussions remained mere armchair ones and were unable to prove whether their claims correctly described actual browsing behavior.

This research examined the actual behavior of the subjects in bookstores and libraries in order to clarify the concept of ‘browsing’.

Research took place in 2 bookstores and 2 libraries, where 40 subjects were observed from their entrance to their exit. As a result, the following actions were observed: Checking the shelves one by one; re-checking the shelves while a different book is already in hand; picking up the same book as one the subject had just put back; stopping to check the books stacked flat on display; returning the book to shelf unopened; turning pages unnaturally fast; and opening pages at random.

In addition, it was found that different ways exist to perceive different types of sources, and that the subjects judge the sources according to certain standards.

In conclusion, browsing was classified into 5 types, and was defined as follows: browsing is a means of selecting necessary material among many, according to certain standards, while employing every sense available in order to satisfy a certain requirement for information, and whose target remains vague at the outset.

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