Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science ISSN: 2435-8495
三田図書館・情報学会 Mita Society for Library and Information Science
〒108‒8345 東京都港区三田2‒15‒45 慶應義塾大学文学部図書館・情報学専攻内 c/o Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Library and Information Science 62: 1-27 (2009)

原著論文Original Article

日本の大学図書館業務電算化における課題構造の解明フォーカス・グループ・インタビューによる調査Evaluation of automating operations in academic libraries in Japan: Survey by focus group interviews

鶴見大学図書館Tsurumi University Library ◇ 〒230-8501 神奈川県横浜市鶴見区鶴見二丁目1番3号 ◇ Tsurumi 2-1-3, Yokohama Tsurumi-ku, Kanagawa 230-8501, Japan

受付日:2008年3月3日Received: March 3, 2008
受理日:2009年7月22日Accepted: July 22, 2009
発行日:2009年12月25日Published: December 25, 2009




Purpose: Over 80% percent of university libraries in Japan had installed a library automation system by 1994, and 99% percent had become computerized by 2002. Today, many university libraries use the internet and digital resources to provide user-oriented library services, having become electronic libraries to a greater or lesser extent. Library automation systems are the basis for developing user-oriented library services. From the viewpoint of library staff, this paper examines current approaches to library automation issues of book acquisition, book cataloging and circulation.

Methods: Two focus group interviews were conducted with two groups of six university librarians. The librarians discussed issues such as their impressions, effects, and the future of library automation. By focusing on the cause-and-effect relationship and adversary relationship embedded into each utterance expressed during the interviews, the study attempted to identify themes that emerged during the discussions.

Results: Problems of library automation were categorized into ten groups. A conceptual diagram of the framework of the problems was created from the data of the focus group interviews. Regarding the effects and problems of library automation, the study found the following three points: (1) promoting labor-saving and functional advancements, (2) libraries losing their power, and (3) imperfect packages.

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