Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science ISSN: 2435-8495
三田図書館・情報学会 Mita Society for Library and Information Science
〒108‒8345 東京都港区三田2‒15‒45 慶應義塾大学文学部図書館・情報学専攻内 c/o Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Library and Information Science 62: 29-80 (2009)

原著論文Original Article

Elfreda A. Chatmanの研究視点が情報利用研究に持つ意義Implications of Elfreda A. Chatman’s viewpoint for user studies

1慶應義塾大学大学院文学研究科図書館・情報学専攻Graduate School of Library and Information Science, Keio University ◇ 〒108-8345 東京都港区三田二丁目15番45号 ◇ Mita 2-15-45, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan

2日本学術振興会特別研究員Research Fellow of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science ◇ 〒102-0083 東京都千代田区麹町五丁目3番1号 ◇ Kojimachi 5-3-1, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0083, Japan

受付日:2009年3月15日Received: March 15, 2009
受理日:2009年8月6日Accepted: August 6, 2009
発行日:2009年12月25日Published: December 25, 2009

【目的と方法】本研究の目的は,Elfreda A. Chatmanの研究視点が情報利用研究に持つ意義を明らかにすることである。本研究は,理論形成期と理論提示期に分けて,Chatmanの研究を理解することを試みる。まず,理論形成期の彼女の研究の論点整理を行う。その理解に基づいて,提示された理論の統合的解釈を行う。そのうえで,彼女の研究視点の展開の方向性を考察する。


Purpose and Method: The purpose of this study was to elucidate the implications of Elfreda A. Chatman’s viewpoint for user studies. This study tries to understand Chatman’s study by dividing it into a Pre-Theoretical Period and a Theoretical Period. First, what she attempted to discuss in the Pre-Theoretical Period is delineated. Based upon this understanding, an integrated interpretation of her theories is provided, then the implications of her viewpoint for the development of user studies are discussed.

Results: At the end of the Pre-Theoretical Period, Chatman made a discovery which indicated that the maintenance of interpersonal relationships was always a primary concern of poor people during information seeking and use (ISU), rather than relying on such relationships without any inhibition. This discovery led her to a new way of looking at information poverty and ISU of the poor, which was developed in the ensuring period. Chatman developed her new understanding of ISU in the Theoretical Period. This distinct understanding, not like past studies, focused on ISU as a part of maintaining a“ taken-for-granted life”. This understanding contributed to the advance of user studies because it made it possible to capture intersubjectivity and reflexitivity between ISU and society. This is one of the implications of her viewpoint. Three future research issues can be elicited as implications other than those of Chatman’s theories. The first is to expand the subject of analysis, especially analysis of ISU in organizations. The second is to explore the process of creation and revision of knowledge, beyond merely exploring the use and maintenance of knowledge as Chatman did. The third is to analyze more deeply the interrelationship between ISU and its situation.

This page was created on 2021-01-13T14:09:00.733+09:00
This page was last modified on