Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science ISSN: 2435-8495
三田図書館・情報学会 Mita Society for Library and Information Science
〒108‒8345 東京都港区三田2‒15‒45 慶應義塾大学文学部図書館・情報学専攻内 c/o Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Library and Information Science 64: 1-31 (2010)

原著論文Original Article

アメリカ公共図書館史研究におけるジェンダーGender in historical research on American public libraries

筑波大学大学院図書館情報メディア研究科Graduate School of Library, Information and Media Studies, University of Tsukuba ◇ 〒305-8550 茨城県つくば市春日一丁目2番地 ◇ Kasuga 1-2, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8550, Japan

受付日:2010年4月4日Received: April 4, 2010
受理日:2010年8月2日Accepted: August 2, 2010
発行日:2010年12月20日Published: December 20, 2010

【目的】本研究の目的は,ライブラリアンシップに関わる批判的観点の一つであるジェンダー(文化的性差)に着目し,図書館史におけるジェンダー研究の分析を通じて,批判的研究の枠組みを検証することである。Michael H. Harrisが民主主義機関としての図書館にかかわる批判的視座を提示したのは1970年代であり,その後Harrisの“修正解釈”を踏まえた批判的な視点を基盤とする新たな図書館史研究が展開されるようになった。批判的研究は研究対象となる事象を階級,ジェンダー,マイノリティといった特定の切り口から再検証し,再構築していくことを目指している。



Purpose: This study focuses on gender as a critical aspect of librarianship and examines the framework of critical research through analysis of the historical writings on women in librarianship. It was in the 1970s that Michael H. Harris presented his critical view on libraries as democratic institutes. Since then, new historical research on the American public library has been developed through critical perspectives based on Harris’s revisionist interpretation. This critical research reexamines the subjects of research from specific aspects such as class, gender, and minority, and attempts to reconstruct them.

Methods: This study used a survey of existing research on library women’s history in historical research on American public libraries to position gender research within the stream of critical research on public libraries. The considerable impact of the concept of gender included in previous work was also examined.

Results: Analysis clearly shows that the structural outline that places female librarians, female supporters and female users of public libraries in contraposition to male librarians on library practices presents possibilities for research on public librarianship. This composition provides a new framework for an approach to existing research that is biased by a dominant point of view. Finally, the findings indicate that the focus on the concept of gender in historical research on public libraries leads to reconsideration of the cultural mainstream and cultural margin. The results suggest ways to reexamine the structure of the cultural politics related to librarianship.

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