Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science ISSN: 2435-8495
三田図書館・情報学会 Mita Society for Library and Information Science
〒108‒8345 東京都港区三田2‒15‒45 慶應義塾大学文学部図書館・情報学専攻内 c/o Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Library and Information Science 64: 109-133 (2010)

原著論文Original Article

専門図書館職員のための認定資格制度Credentials program for special library staff

1日本大学文理学部(非常勤講師)College of Humanities and Sciences, Nihon University (part-time) ◇ 〒156-8550 東京都世田谷区桜上水三丁目25番40号 ◇ Sakurajosui 3-25-40, Setagaya-Ku, Tokyo 156-8550, Japan

2筑波大学大学院図書館情報メディア研究科Graduate School of Library, Information and Media Studies, University of Tsukuba ◇ 〒305-8550 茨城県つくば市春日一丁目2番地 ◇ Kasuga 1-2, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8550, Japan

受付日:2009年8月26日Received: August 26, 2009
受理日:2010年9月24日Accepted: September 24, 2010
発行日:2010年12月20日Published: December 20, 2010




Purpose: The purpose of this study is to clarify prerequisites for establishing the credentials programs by private organizations in library and related fields. Based on the results, we considered why the Japan Special Libraries Association (JSLA) failed in their attempt to introduce the credentials program by certification exam.

Methods: Three methods were used. First, based on a literature research, we clarified the prerequisites for establishing credentials programs. Second, we performed a literature research of two credentials programs established in the past, and investigated whether the prerequisites for establishment had been fulfilled. Third, in regard to the JSLA-conceived credentials program, we performed a literature research and interviews, and investigated whether the prerequisites for establishment had been fulfilled.

Results: The following three points have been clarified. 1) The following nine points based on four observations are considered to be prerequisites for establishing credentials programs: a) Vocational skill, b) Market, c) Certifying organization (financial capability, legal entity, framework for cooperation with university faculty, secretarial system), d) Specialized educational system (seminars, setting study parameters and accumulating knowledge, offering opportunities for study activities). 2) The two programs previously established basically fulfilled the prerequisites. 3) The credentials program envisioned by the JSLA did not meet all the prerequisites. Accordingly, the JSLA should take the following strategies to establish the program: building foundations for the credentials program, and gradual preparing of the program.

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