Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science ISSN: 2435-8495
三田図書館・情報学会 Mita Society for Library and Information Science
〒108‒8345 東京都港区三田2‒15‒45 慶應義塾大学文学部図書館・情報学専攻内 c/o Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Library and Information Science 75: 67-105 (2016)

原著論文Original Article

東京市立図書館規模拡張組織変更計画関東大震災前後の東京市立図書館The expansion and organizational change plan of Tokyo Municipal Libraries before and after the Great Kanto Earthquake

文化学園大学現代文化学部Faculty of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Bunka Gakuen University ◇ 〒151-8523 東京都渋谷区代々木三丁目22番1号 ◇ Yoyogi 3-22-1, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 151-8523, Japan.

受付日:2015年8月31日Received: August 31, 2015
受理日:2016年2月8日Accepted: February 8, 2016
発行日:2016年6月30日Published: June 30, 2016




Purpose: In 1923, the Great Kanto Earthquake destroyed 12 libraries and half of the collections ofTokyo Municipal Libraries, which then became a better organization through the reconstructionafter the earthquake. This research investigated the systems and ideas for improvement made byTokyo Municipal Libraries before the earthquake, and the policy of administration and public financeof Tokyo city after the earthquake.

Methods: Magazines, newspapers, government documents, and library bulletins from that periodwere examined.

Results: The following four findings were obtained: (1) Tokyo Municipal Libraries changed itspolicy in concert with the change from fiscal austerity to fiscal expansion of Tokyo city beforeand after 1921. (2) The expansion of scale of Tokyo Municipal Libraries was based on the plan toexpand the scale of the organization, as evidenced by an official document titled“ A draft of theorganization scale expansion plan and a source of revenue of Tokyo Municipal Libraries” found inFukagawa Library. (3) The scale of the expansion plan was not changed after the earthquake; theearthquake disaster reconstruction was implemented in line with the draft. (4) The population migratedfrom the center to the suburbs especially after the earthquake. This led Tokyo MunicipalOffice to shift its focus to the administrative base in the suburbs. However, Tokyo MunicipalLibraries did not respond to the changes in the city’s policy.

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