Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science ISSN: 2435-8495
三田図書館・情報学会 Mita Society for Library and Information Science
〒108‒8345 東京都港区三田2‒15‒45 慶應義塾大学文学部図書館・情報学専攻内 c/o Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Library and Information Science 78: 27-53 (2017)

原著論文Original Article

米国におけるビブリオグラフィックインストラクションから情報リテラシーへの転換A shift from bibliographic instruction to information literacy in the United States

帝京大学高等教育開発センターCenter for Teaching and Learning, Teikyo University ◇ 〒192–0395 東京都八王子市大塚359番地 ◇ Otsuka 359, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0395, Japan

受付日:2017年3月8日Received: March 8, 2017
受理日:2017年9月4日Accepted: September 4, 2017
発行日:2017年12月30日Published: December 30, 2017





Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to clarify the shift from bibliographic instruction to information literacy in the United States and to examine its significance.

Methods: Based on the literature and practical reports by librarians, the paper considers the discussion about information literacy.

Results: The Information Literacy Movement in the United States is an educational reform movement that started during the educational reforms in the 1980s. Its philosophy is not to expand education by librarians but to implement educational reform. Initially, the philosophy of the information literacy movement was misunderstood by librarians and caused conflicts within the library world. However, as librarians’ understanding of the philosophy of the movement gradually spread, their recognition shifted from the emphasis on “education by librarians” to their “contribution to the realization of educational reform.” As a result, librarians' practice expanded from simply educating students to changing the awareness of faculty members, supporting them to revise curriculums, and improving classes through information literacy.

The significance of the shift from bibliographic instruction to information literacy is that librarians are turning from providers of education on information use to promoters of educational reform through information literacy. This has allowed librarians to become directly involved in educational reform. Following this shift, the Information Literacy Movement as a form of educational reform has started to have a substantial impact, thus shifting from the theoretical to the practical.

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