Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science ISSN: 2435-8495
三田図書館・情報学会 Mita Society for Library and Information Science
〒108‒8345 東京都港区三田2‒15‒45 慶應義塾大学文学部図書館・情報学専攻内 c/o Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Library and Information Science 87: 47-69 (2022)

原著論文Original Article

Hjørlandのドメイン分析と存在論: Putnam及びGabrielの存在論との比較Hjørland’s Domain Analysis and Ontology: A Comparison with Putnam’s and Gabriel’s Ontologies

筑波大学図書館情報メディア系Faculty of Library, Information and Media Science, University of Tsukuba ◇ 〒305–8550 茨城県つくば市春日1–2 ◇ 1–2 Kasuga, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305–8550, Japan

受付日:2021年11月20日Received: November 20, 2021
受理日:2022年3月10日Accepted: March 10, 2022
発行日:2022年6月30日Published: June 30, 2022

目的】本論の目的は,Birger Hjørlandが図書館情報学研究において主張しているドメイン分析を支え,かつ,彼が求めたい実在論的な要求を満たすが,何を存在者として認めるかについては異なる存在論がありうることを示すことである。

方法】Hjørlandのドメイン分析および存在論に関する文献を,Hilary PutnamおよびMarkus Gabrielの文献と比較し,その類似点と相違点に着目して文献分析を行った。


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to show that there can be different ontologies that support the domain analysis that Birger Hjørland argues for in library and information science research and that meet the realist demands he wants to seek, but differ as to what is recognized as an entity.

Methods: This paper is a literature-based analysis, comparing Hjørland’s literature on domain analysis and ontology with that of Hilary Putnam and Markus Gabriel, focusing on their similarities and differences.

Results: Hjørland notes the importance of domain analysis in knowledge organization research. Domain analysis is a research method that recognizes multiple domains and emphasizes the social and historical perspectives in each domain. However, Hjørland avoids relativism and subjectivism in library and information science research and advocates pragmatic realism and physical monism. Pragmatic realism is the view that while what we consider to exist depends on a theory or paradigm, we cannot freely create reality, and the acceptance of a theory requires a pragmatic element to better explain events. Physical monism recognizes only physical entities. However, there may be other ontologies that support domain analysis and emphasize social and historical perspectives while avoiding relativism and subjectivism, as Hjørland aims to do. Candidates include Putnam’s ontology and Gabriel’s ontology. In particular, Gabriel’s pluralist new realism, which argues for a reality that is neither without observers nor with only observers, could be a promising candidate. However, the relationship of domain analysis to Hjørland’s claim of physical monism remains to be examined.

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