Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science ISSN: 2435-8495
三田図書館・情報学会 Mita Society for Library and Information Science
〒108‒8345 東京都港区三田2‒15‒45 慶應義塾大学文学部図書館・情報学専攻内 c/o Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Library and Information Science 83: 1-24 (2020)

原著論文Original Article

学校図書館専門職養成の構造的な特徴と課題セクター及びアクター間の関係性の視点からStructural Features, Problems, and Areas for Future Development in the Training of Specialists in School Libraries: from the Viewpoint of the Relationships Among “Sectors” and “Actors”

筑波大学大学院図書館情報メディア研究科Graduate School of Library, Information and Media Studies, University of Tsukuba ◇ 〒305–8550 茨城県つくば市春日1–2 ◇ 1–2 Kasuga, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305–8550 Japan

受付日:2019年4月22日Received: April 22, 2019
受理日:2019年9月25日Accepted: September 25, 2019
発行日:2020年6月25日Published: June 25, 2020




Purpose: We aim to identify the structural features, problems, and areas for future development involved in the institutionalization of the training system for specialists in school libraries by analyzing the historical relationships among “sectors” and “actors” during the passage and revision period of the School Library Law.

Methods: We analyzed the relationships among “sectors” and “actors” during the passage and revision period of the School Library Law on the basis of a four-sector structure developed by Koichi Hashimoto. The research method was a literature survey, and the target period was from 1945 to 2014.

Results: The features: (1) strong political pressure being found more than the process of public librarians’ professionalization, (2) changes being seen in the structure of the traditional sectors that influenced the training system in regard to the legislation of reading, (3) major actors in the Professional Organizations sector being divided into multiple groups with conflicting opinions, and (4) actors in the Higher Education Institutions sector and Fields and Facilities sector having weak relationships with actors in the others. The problems: (1) the need to expand the conventional concept of reading among all sectors and the insufficiency of discussion of a teaching method, (2) the anticipated facilitation of intersectoral debates on the impact of Business and Citizen involvement in professional development, (3) the need for accumulation and utilization of discussions by Higher Education Institutions among Professional Organization actors, and (4) each actor in the Fields and Facilities sector establishing relationships and demonstrating initiative at the municipal level.

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